The Battle of Bannockburn
The sights and sounds that sent Edward homeward to think again...
In June 1314 the fate of Scotland as a nation was about to change.
It was here that Robert Bruce, King of Scots, would face down the English army led by Edward II.
Edward, keen to retain the key stronghold of Stirling Castle, had led a massive professional army through Scotland to lift the Scots’ siege of his garrison at the Castle.
Achieving this was vital to Edward’s hopes of re-establishing his weakening grip on the country, but he was stopped short by the army of Robert Bruce at the battle of Bannockburn.
Key to this was use of his well drilled ‘schiltrons’ - vast units of spearmen that proved an impenetrable barrier to the advancing English cavarly force.
Over the two days of battle, Edward’s army was repeatedly thwarted by the Scots stubborn resistance before finally finding themselves trapped by the surrounding terrain with no room to manoeuvre their huge force.
The result was an unprecedented rout of King Edward’s army.
Visit our Bannockburn learning website to use the interactive Battlepedia, take quizzes or send a postcard!
Although it was only one battle in a prolonged conflict, now known as the ‘Wars of Independence’, Robert Bruce’s stunning victory has resonated with Scots through the centuries.
It continues to conjure up ideas of freedom, independence, patriotism, heroism, perseverance, and triumph against overwhelming odds, and has inspired many works of art and literature, from Barbour’s epic ‘Brus’ to the Corries’ ‘Flower of Scotland’.
See more on the Timeline